Below you will find some frequency analysis for words, letters and letter combinations. This is useful information for Scrabblers and would-be linguists alike. This sort of data may also help search engines figure out queries for unindexed search words—broken, incomplete or non-word strings entered as search terms. The letter T reigns supreme, if you will. And, if you’re a z or a q, well, there’s still some room for you. Who wants to be so common anyway?

 

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The Book of Psalms (King James Version)

e 0.13 t 0.10 h 0.09 o 0.08 a 0.07 i 0.06 s 0.06 n 0.06 r 0.06
l 0.05 d 0.04 m 0.03 u 0.03 f 0.02 y 0.02 g 0.02 w 0.02 c 0.02
p 0.02 b 0.01 v 0.01 k 0.01 j 0.00 q 0.00 x 0.00 z 0.00
Digrams: th he an in ha or nd re er et ea ou

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Unix Manual Page on printf

t 0.11 n 0.10 i 0.10 e 0.09 r 0.08 a 0.07 s 0.07 o 0.06 p 0.05
f 0.04 h 0.04 c 0.03 u 0.03 d 0.03 g 0.02 m 0.02 l 0.02 y 0.01
v 0.01 w 0.01 x 0.01 b 0.00 k 0.00 z 0.00 j 0.00 q 0.00
Digrams: th in he er nt on re ar te ed ri st

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Encyclopedia Britannica Page on Cryptography

e 0.10 i 0.09 t 0.08 n 0.07 o 0.07 a 0.07 r 0.06 s 0.05 c 0.05
h 0.04 l 0.04 d 0.04 p 0.03 m 0.03 y 0.03 f 0.03 g 0.03 u 0.02
b 0.02 w 0.01 v 0.01 k 0.01 x 0.01 q 0.00 z 0.00 j 0.00
Digrams: in th ti on an he al er to or cr si

Most common letters in the alphabet

ETAOINSHRDLU

Common letter pairs

ET EA OU

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SOWPODS Three-Letter Words
Updated in Respect of OSW4, January 2000

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THREE LETTER WORDS

Note: This list does not contain common ‘S’ extensions of twos
AAH AAL ABA ABB ABO ABY ACE ACH ACT ADD ADO ADZ+ AFF AFT AGA
AGE AGO AHA AIA AID AIL AIM AIN AIR AIT AKE ALA ALB ALE ALL
ALP ALT AMA AMI AMP AMU ANA AND ANE ANI ANN ANT ANY APE APT*
ARB ARC ARD ARE ARF ARK ARM ART ARY ASH ASK ASP ASS+ ATE ATT
AUF AUK AVA AVE AVO AWA AWE AWL AWN AXE AYE AYU AZO

BAA BAC BAD* BAG BAH BAL BAM BAN BAP BAR BAT BAY BED BEE BEG
BEL BEN BET BEY BEZ+ BIB BID BIG BIN BIO BIT BIZ+ BOA BOB BOD
BOG BOH BOK BON BOO BOP BOR BOT BOW BOX BOY BRA BRO BRR BUB
BUD BUG BUM BUN BUR BUS BUT BUY BYE BYS

CAB CAD CAM CAN CAP CAR CAT CAW CAY CEE CEL CEP CHA CHE CHI
CID CIG CIS CIT CLY COB COD COG COL CON COO COP COR COS+ COT
COW COX COY* COZ+ CRU CRY CUB CUD CUE CUM CUP CUR CUT CUZ CWM

DAB DAD DAE DAG DAH DAK DAL DAM DAN DAP DAW DAY DEB DEE DEF*
DEI DEL DEN DEV DEW DEX+ DEY DIB DID DIE DIG DIM DIN DIP DIT
DIV DOB DOC DOD DOE DOG DOH DOL DOM DON DOO DOP DOR DOT DOW
DRY* DSO DUB DUD DUE DUG DUI DUN DUO DUP DUX+ DYE DZO

EAN EAR EAT EAU EBB ECH ECU EDH EEK EEL EEN EFF EFT EGG
EGO EIK EKE ELD ELF ELK ELL ELM ELT EME EMF EMU END ENE ENG
EON ERA ERE ERF ERG ERK ERN ERR ESS+ EST ETA ETH EUK EVE EWE
EWK EWT EYE

FAB* FAD FAG FAH FAN FAP FAR FAT* FAW FAX FAY* FED FEE FEH FEM
FEN FER FET FEU FEW* FEY* FEZ+ FIB FID FIE FIG FIL FIN FIR FIT*
FIX FIZ FLU FLY* FOB FOE FOG FOH FON FOP FOR FOU* FOX FOY FRA
FRO FRY FUB FUD FUG FUM FUN* FUR

GAB GAD GAE GAG GAL GAM GAN GAP GAR GAS+ GAT GAU GAY* GED GEE
GEL GEM GEN GEO GET GEY* GHI GIB GID GIE GIF GIG GIN GIO GIP
GIT GJU GNU GOA GOB GOD GOE GON GOO GOR GOT GOV GOX+ GOY GUB
GUE GUL GUM GUN GUP GUR GUT GUV GUY GYM GYP

HAD HAE HAG HAH HAJ+ HAM HAN HAO HAP HAT HAW HAY HEH HEM HEN
HEP* HER HET HEW HEX HEY HIC HID HIE HIM HIN HIP* HIT HMM HOA
HOB HOC HOD HOE HOG HOH HOI HON HOO HOP HOT* HOW HOX HOY HUB
HUE HUG HUH HUI HUM HUN HUP HUT HYE HYP

ICE ICH ICK ICY* IDE IFF ILK ILL IMP INK INN ION IRE IRK ISH+
ISM ISO ITA IVY+

JAB JAG JAK JAM JAP JAR JAW JAY JEE JET JEU JEW JIB JIG JIN
JIZ JOB JOE JOG JOR JOT JOW JOY JUD JUG JUN JUS JUT

KAB KAE KAF KAI KAM KAT KAW KAY KEA KEB KED KEF KEG KEN KEP
KET KEX+ KEY KHI KID KIF KIN KIP KIR KIT KOA KOB KOI KON
KOP KOR KOS+ KOW KUE KYE KYU

LAB LAC LAD LAG LAH LAM LAP LAR LAT LAV LAW* LAX* LAY LEA LED
LEE LEG LEI LEK LEP LES+ LET LEU LEV LEW LEX+ LEY LEZ+ LIB LID
LIE LIG LIN LIP LIT LOB LOD LOG LOO LOP LOR LOT LOW* LOX LOY
LUD LUG LUM LUR LUV LUX+ LUZ LYE LYM

MAA MAC MAD MAE MAG MAK MAL MAM MAN MAP MAR MAT MAW MAX+ MAY
MED MEG MEL MEM MEN MET MEU MEW MHO MIB MID MIG MIL MIM* MIR
MIX MIZ MNA MOA MOB MOC MOD MOE MOG MOI MOL MOM MON MOO MOP
MOR MOT MOU MOW MOY MOZ+ MUD MUG MUM MUN MUT MUX

NAB NAE NAG NAH NAM NAN NAP NAT NAW NAY NEB NED NEE NEF NEK
NEP NET NEW NIB NID NIE NIL NIM NIP NIS NIT NIX NOB NOD NOG
NOH NOM NON NOO NOR NOT NOW NOX+ NOY NTH NUB NUN NUR NUT NYE
NYS

OAF OAK OAR OAT OBA OBE OBI OBO OCA OCH ODA ODD* ODE OFF OFT*
OHM OHO OIK OIL OKA OKE OLD* OLE OLM ONE OOF OOH OOM OON OOP
OOR OOT OPE OPT ORA ORB ORC ORD ORE ORF ORT OSE OUD OUK OUP
OUR OUT OVA OWE OWL OWN OWT OXO OXY OYE

PAC PAD PAH PAL PAM PAN PAP PAR PAT PAW PAX+ PAY PEA PEC PED
PEE PEG PEH PEN PEP PER PET PEW PHI PHO PHT PIA PIC PIE PIG
PIN PIP PIR PIT PIU PIX+ PLY POA POD POH POI POL POM POO POP
POT POW POX POZ PRE PRO PRY PSI PST PUB PUD PUG PUH PUL PUN
PUP PUR PUS+ PUT PUY PYA PYE PYX

QAT QUA

RAD RAG RAH RAI RAJ+ RAM RAN RAP RAS+ RAT RAW* RAX RAY REB REC
RED REE REF REG REH REI REM REN REP RES+ RET REV REW REX+ REZ
RHO RHY+ RIA RIB RID RIF RIG RIM RIN RIP RIT RIZ ROB ROC ROD
ROE ROK ROM ROO ROT ROW RUB RUC RUD RUE RUG RUM* RUN RUT RYA
RYE

SAB SAC SAD* SAE SAG SAI SAL SAM SAN SAP SAR SAT SAU SAW SAX+
SAY SAZ+ SEA SEC SED SEE SEG SEI SEL SEN SER SET SEW SEX SEY
SEZ SHA SHE SHH SHY* SIB SIC SIM SIN SIP SIR SIS+ SIT SIX+ SKA
SKI SKY SLY* SMA SNY+ SOB SOC SOD SOG SOH SOL SON SOP SOT SOU
SOV SOW SOX SOY SPA SPY SRI STY SUB SUD SUE SUI SUK SUM SUN
SUP SUQ SUR SUS+ SWY+ SYE SYN

TAB TAD TAE TAG TAI TAJ+ TAK TAM TAN TAO TAP TAR TAT TAU TAV
TAW TAX TAY TEA TED TEE TEF TEG TEL TEN TET TEW THE THO THY
TIC TID TIE TIG TIL TIN TIP TIT TOC TOD TOE TOG TOM TON TOO
TOP TOR TOT TOW TOY TRY TSK TUB TUG TUI TUM TUN TUP TUT TUX+
TWA TWO TWP TYE TYG

UDO UDS UEY UFO UGH UKE ULE ULU UMM UMP UNI UPO URB URD URE
URN USE UTA UTE UTU UVA

VAC VAE VAN VAR VAS+ VAT VAU VAV VAW VEE VEG+ VET VEX VIA VID
VIE VIG VIM VIN VIS+ VLY+ VOE VOL VOR VOW VOX VUG VUM

WAB WAD WAE WAG WAN WAP WAR WAS WAT* WAW WAX WAY WEB WED WEE*
WEM WEN WET WEX WEY WHA WHO WHY WIG WIN WIS WIT WIZ+ WOE WOG
WOK WON WOO WOP WOT WOW WOX WRY* WUD WUS+ WYE WYN

YAH YAK YAM YAP YAR YAW YAY YEA YEH YEN YEP YES+ YET YEW YEX
YGO YID YIN YIP YOB YOD YOK YOM YON YOU YOW YUG YUK YUM YUP

ZAG ZAP ZAX+ ZEA ZED ZEE ZEK ZEL ZEX+ ZHO ZIG ZIN ZIP ZIT ZIZ
ZOA ZOO ZUZ

KEY: + sign Word can be pluralised with (I)ES only
* (asterisk) Word is an adjective with (I)ER and (I)EST extensions

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Word Frequency of the Top Twenty Most Used Words found in Written English
the of to in and a for was is that on at he with by be it an as his

Word Frequency of the Top Twenty Most Used Words found in Spoken English
the and I to of a you that in it is yes was this but on well he have for

Etaoin Shrdlu, “eh-tay-oh-in shird-loo”, was believed to be the twelve most common letters in the English language. The word came from linotype typesetting machines. The first left row of six keys on a linotype machine produces the word “etaoin” and second left row of six keys produces the word “shrdlu”. The complete linotype machine frequency is: “etaoin shrdlu cmfgyp wbvkxj qz”. The letter ‘h’ appears more often in every day speech and writing than it does in a list of dictionary words.

Two-Letter Words and the Frequency in the English Language
of to in it is be as at so we he by or on do if me my up an go no us am

Three-Letter Words and the Frequency in the English Language
the and for are but not you all any can had her was one our out day get has him his how man new now old see two way who boy did its let put say she too use

Four-Letter Words and the Frequency in the English Language
that with have this will your from they know want been good much some time very when come here just like long make many more only over such take than them well were

Most Common Words and Frequency in the English Language
the of and to in a is that be it by are for was as he with on his at which but from has this will one have not were or all their an i there been many more so when had may today who would time we about after dollars if my other some them being its no only over very you into most than they day even made out first great must these can days every found general her here last new now people public said since still such through under up war well where while years before between country debts good him interest large like make our take upon what

100 Most Frequently Used Words in the English Language
about after all am an and are as at back be because been big but by came can come could day did do down first for from get go going got had has have he her here him his I if in into is it just like little look made make me more my no not now of off on one only or our out over said saw see she so some that the their them then there they this to two up very was we well went were what when where which who will with would you your
Letter Frequency
Letter Frequency in the English Language
e t a o i n s r h l d c u m f p g w y b v k x j q z

Letter Frequency in Press Reporting
e t a o n i s r h l d c m u f p g w y b v k j x q z

Letter Frequency in Religious Writings
e t i a o n s r h l d c u m f p y w g b v k x j q z

Letter Frequency in Scientific Writings
e t a i o n s r h l c d u m f p g y b w v k x q j z

Letter Frequency in General Fiction
e t a o h n i s r d l u w m c g f y p v k x j x z q

Letter Frequency in Word Averages
e t a o i n s r h l d c u m f p g w y b v k x j q z

Letter Frequency in Morse Code
e t a i n o s h r d l c u m f w y g p b v k q j x z

Letter Frequency in the English Language (18584 Common Base Words)
“no plural words or words with common suffixes”
e a i r t o n s l c u p m d h g b y f v w k x z q j

Letter Frequency in the English Language (45406 Common Words)
“plural words and words with common suffixes”
e i s a r n t o l c d u g p m h b y f v k w z x j q

Letter Frequency of the most common first letters in a word
t o a w b c d s f m r h i y e g l n o u j k

Letter Frequency of the most common second letter in a word
h o e i a u n r t

Letter Frequency of the most common third letter in a word
e s a r n i

Letter Frequency of the most common last letter in a word
e s t d n r y f l o g h a k m p u w

More than half of all words end with
e t d s
Letter Frequency of the letters most likely to follow the e
r s n d

Digraph Frequency in the English Language
th he an in er on re ed nd ha at en es of nt ea ti to io le is ou ar as de rt ve

Trigraph Frequency in the English Language
the and tha ent ion tio for nde has nce tis oft men

Double Letter Frequency in the English Language
ss ee tt ff ll mm oo

Two-Letter Words with Definitions

AA rough jagged lava found in Hawaiian volcanos
AB an abdominal muscle
AD short form of advertisement
AE one (Scots.)
AG agricultural
AH (verb) to say “Ah” for joy etc
AI a three-toed South American sloth
AL an East Indian tree
AM a present tense of the verb be
AN a form of the indefinite article
AR the letter “R”
AS to that extent
AT in the position of
AW exclamation of disappointment
AX (verb) to work on with an axe
AY an affirmative vote (also AYE)
BA the eternal spirit in egyptian mythology
BE (verb) to exist
BI a bisexual person
BO Amer. slang for friend
BY near; a side issue (pl. BYS)
CH English dial. for I
DA a Burmese heavy knife
DE preposition meaning of or from, in names
DI a plural of deus (a god)
DO (verb) to achieve; a celebration (pl. DOS)
EA a river (dial.)
ED educational
EE Scots. dial. for eye (pl. EEN)
EF the letter “F”
EH (verb) to say “Eh” for surprise etc
EL an elevated railway
EM a printer’s measure
EN a printer’s measure, half of an EM
ER an expression of hesitation
ES+ the letter “S”
ET a past tense of eat
EX+ the letter “X”
FA a musical note
FY an interj. expressing disgust (also FIE)
GI a judo or karate costume
GO (verb) to depart; a Japanese board game (pl. GOS)
GU a simple violin used in Shetland (alos GJU, GUE)
HA an exclamation of surprise
HE a male
HI an exclamation of greeting
HM interj. expressing thoughtful consideration
HO intej. calling attention
ID part of the psyche
IF a condition
IN (verb) to harvest
IO a cry of joy
IS a present tense of be
IT impersonal pronoun
JO+ a sweetheart
KA (verb) to serve (also KAE)
KO a Maori digging stick
KY cows (also KYE)
LA a musical note
LI a Chinese distance unit
LO look, behold
MA mother
ME a musical note (also MI)
MI same as ME, above
MM exclamation of satisfaction
MO a moment
MU a Greek letter
MY belonging to me
NA interj. of disbelief
NE arch. form of not
NO a no vote (pl. also NOES)
NU a Greek letter
NY+ (verb) to approach (pl. also NYS)
OB an objection
OD a mystic universal force
OE a grandchild in Scotland (also OY, OYE)
OF belonging to
OH (verb) to exclaim “Oh” for surprise
OI interj. calling attention
OM a syllable intoned as part of a mantra
ON to go on
OO wool (Scots.)
OP an abstract art style
OR the heraldic colour gold
OS+ a bone
OU interj. expressing concession
OW interj. expressing pain
OX+ a mammal with hooves
OY same as OE, above
PA father
PE a Hebrew letter (also PEH)
PH a measure of acidity
PI (verb) to jumble or disorder (pr.p. PIEING, PIING)
PO a chamber pot
QI a Chinese life force
RE a musical note
SH interj. requesting silence
SI a musical note
SO a musical note (also SOH)
ST an exclamation of impatience
TA thanks
TE a musical note
TI a small tree
TO as far as
UG (verb) to cause hatred
UH interj. expressing disbelief
UM interj. of hesitation
UN one
UP (verb) to increase
UR interj. expressing hesitation
US a third person pronoun
UT a musical note
WE a third person pronoun
WO a curse
XI a Greek letter
XU a Vietnamese coin (pl. XU)
YA you
YE you
YO a call for effort
YU precious jade
ZO a Himalayan cross between a yak and a cow (also DZO, DSO, ZHO, DZHO)